The clownfish is an excellent aquarium pet. It is well-known for making appearances in movies like Finding Dory and Finding Nemo. It’s another name is anemonefish, which has come from the subfamily Amphiprioninae in the Pomacentridae family. These fishes are named so for the sea anemones where they make their accommodations. There are a total of 28 species that you will find in the category of anemonefishes. You can find them in different colors like yellow, pink, brown, black, red, and even multi-colored stripes. Many even show white patches or bars. A large anemonefish has the potential of reaching the length of 15 to 16 centimeters while a small one barely achieves the distance of 7 to 8 centimeters.
Majority of the false anemonefish tend to be orange with a total of three white patches on the body and the head. Their white bars are outlined in the color black. They have rounded tails and their dorsal fins are lined with not less than 11 spines.
Habitats And Distribution
These fishes generally survive in warmer waters like those of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. They can even be found in the Red Sea and the Great Barrier Reef. While majority of the species come with limited distributions, there are others that are widespread. These fishes can be found at sea bottoms in shallow lagoons and sheltered reefs.
Clownfish are omnivorous. They can survive on undigested food from host anemone. Here, it is essential to note that their fecal matter offers nutrients into the sea. Small zooplankton available in water columns is the main diet of these fishes. These include tunicate larvae and copepods. A tiny part of their diet also comes from algae. They also feed on the tentacles of host anemones.
Anemonefishes are hermaphrodites. All of them are born male as per the National Geographic. These fishes have the potential of turning themselves female. However, once this change achieves, they cannot go back to being a male all over again. This change generally takes place during the mating procedure. The process involves two males becoming mates with the more significant and the more dominant fish becoming the female. These are social fishes that like living in groups led by a single dominant female. Other large fishes are the dominant males, and the smaller ones are smaller males. In the case of the female dies, the dominant male becomes female for replacing her.
Anemonefishes communicate simply by making clicking and popping sounds. Researchers are of the view that chatter helps in maintaining the file and the rank among the group members. It has also been laid down that sound serves as an interesting technique to prevent conflicts among the group members.
There is very little information available about the mating behaviors of these fishes. They begin their lives transparent or clear but while maturing, they start gaining color. In the form of juveniles, the young ones settle to reef bottoms to search for host anemones.