That is an enormous question, so I’m going to break it down into specific ideas and topics for you to look into. Know about the fish tank guide.
Fish Tank Guide
· Try to find a perfect local fish store. However the quality of employees at local fish stores can be a hit or a miss, so try to find one that knows about their fish. Moreover, they can be an excellent resource for advice and guidance.
· Choose your tank. However, get the most massive tank your space and your budget allows. Moreover, many people think that a smaller container will be more comfortable to keep and maintain. They aren’t. Larger tanks have more stability because they can “absorb” a certain amount of problems. However, overfeed and introduce too much organic matter to your aquarium (which will release much ammonia)? You’re going to have a massive spike in a small aquarium. A large aquarium will dilute it more, so you’ll have fewer adverse effects. Also, larger aquariums give you more options for the type and number of fishes that you can keep there.
· Learn basic water chemistry. Know how to test (at a minimum) pH, ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates and understand what those values mean. You will get bonus points for learning about hardness and TDS. If you’re going to keep a saltwater tank, you also need to know how to measure salinity and what values are appropriate. Having an understanding of those concepts will open the door to almost any fish you want to keep.
· Perhaps the essential idea you need to learn to have success in maintaining an aquarium is the Nitrogen Cycle. It’s not overly complicated (it can break down into 2 or 3 sentences), but having a solid understanding of it and what it means for your aquarium will allow you to avoid many of the most common aquarium mistakes.
More On It
· Think about what type of fish you want to keep. In both the categories of freshwater and saltwater, we have almost 5,000 unique scientific names in our inventory system, so you have a lot to choose from. Learn what water conditions the fish should be kept in (e.g. pH, hardness, temperature, do the fish need much current in the water, etc.), the size they grow to (and thus how large of a tank they need), how aggressive they are. You should choose suitable tank mates. If they’re schooling fish or need to be kept alone, and any other information specific to a particular fish. When choosing what fish to stock, try to mix fish that stay near the bottom, fish that swim in the middle, and fish that stay near the top to have activity in all levels of your tank.
· Decide how you want to decorate your tank and set it up. Make sure your filter, heater, lights, and other equipment are working correctly.
· DECHLORINATE YOUR WATER! Otherwise, your fishes are not going to last long. They Will die within a few minutes.
· Either do a fishless cycle or SLOWLY add fish to your aquarium. If you’ve learned about the aquarium cycle, you’ll know why. If you haven’t, go and look it up. Then come back to this list.
· Establish a healthy maintenance routine. Decide how often you’re going to perform water changes and how much you’re going to change each time. How often are you going to clean/replace your filter media? You almost can’t do too many water changes (eventually it becomes redundant, but shouldn’t be harmful), but you want to be careful with your filter media to not kill off too many beneficial bacteria at any given time.
· Feed sparingly. One of the biggest mistakes people make is overfeeding their fish. Don’t do that.
If you can do all that, you should be good to go.